p h o t o g r a p h y
Gallery 1 > City of Sunderland > Around Sunderland
01. Penshaw Poppies, Summer 2011
02. The East End, from National Glass Centre Roof
03. Full Bloom, Mowbray Gardens
04. Whitburn Windmill
17. Textures, Seaburn Beach, towards Roker Pier
18. The Illuminations, Roker Park
19. Roker Marina
20. North-East Winds Hit Roker Promenade
13. The Gates, Stadium Of Light
14. Seaburn to Roker Promenade
15. Roker Lighthouse
16. The Sun Rises Behind Roker Pier
09. Golden Carpet, Doxford Park
10. Urban Graffiti, Nile Street
11. The Cemetery, Chester Road to Hylton Road
12. Queen Alexandra Bridge, Deptford
05. Hylton Castle
06. Pit Wheel, Stadium Of Light
07. Wearmouth, from St. Mary's Car Park
08. West Sunniside
21. Autumn Colours, St. Peter's Church (674 AD)
22. Red Dawn, Roker Pier
23. Dismantling Crowtree Leisure Centre
24. Frosty Morning Stroll, Herrington Country Park
Sunderland is a city which lies at the heart of the City of Sunderland metropolitan borough, a part of Tyne and Wear, in North East England. It is situated at the mouth of the River Wear. It is the second City of the North East Region after Newcastle upon Tyne.
Historically a part of County Durham, there were three original settlements on the site of modern-day Sunderland. On the north side of the river, Monkwearmouth was settled in 674 when Benedict Biscop founded the Wearmouth-Jarrow monastery. Opposite the monastery on the south bank, Bishopwearmouth was founded in 930. A small fishing village called Sunderland, located toward the mouth of the river (modern day East End) was granted a charter in 1179.
Over the centuries, Sunderland grew as a port, trading coal and salt. Ships began to be built on the river in the 14th century. By the 19th century, the port of Sunderland had grown to absorb Bishopwearmouth and Monkwearmouth.
A person who is born or lives around the Sunderland area is sometimes colloquially known as a Mackem.