p h o t o g r a p h y
Gallery 2 > On Location (Abroad) > Rome, Italy
01. Forum Boarium, Palatine Hills
02. Piazza Navona
03. Street Artist, Piazza Navona
04. Arch Of Constantine, Via di San Gregorio
17. Vatican Museum
18. Stained Glass, St. Peter's Basilica
19. Colosseum At Night, Piazza del Colosseo
20. Colosseum At Night, Piazza del Colosseo
13. Vittoriano, Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II
14. St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City
15. St. Peter's Square, Vatican City
16. St. Peter's Square, Vatican City
09. Collosseum, Piazza del Colosseo
10. Inside the Colosseum, Piazza del Colosseo
11. Inside the Colosseum, Piazza del Colosseo
12. Vittoriano, Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II
05. Castel Sant Angelo
06. The Pantheon, Piazza della Rotonda
07. Ray Of Light, Pantheon Ceiling
08. Colosseum, from Via Labicana
21. Piazza Di Spagna & Spanish Steps
22. Trevi Fountain, Piazza di Trevi
23. Trevi Fountain, Piazza di Trevi
24. Live 8 Venue, Circus Maximus
Rome is a city and special comune (named "Roma Capitale") in Italy. Rome is the capital of Italy and region of Lazio. With 2.9 million residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's largest and most populated comune and fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. The Metropolitan City of Rome has a population of 4.3 million residents. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of Tiber river. Vatican City is an independent country within the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states.
Rome's history spans more than two and a half thousand years. Although Roman tradition states the founding of Rome around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited much earlier, being one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe. The city's early population originated from a mix of Latins, Etruscans and Sabines. Eventually, the city successively became the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces of Western civilization. It is referred to as "Roma Aeterna" (The Eternal City) and "Caput Mundi" (Capital of the World), two central notions in ancient Roman culture.
After the Fall of the Empire, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Pope, which had settled in the city since the 1st century AD, until in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870.
Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all the popes since Nicholas V (1422–55) pursued coherently along four hundred years an architectonic and urbanistic program aimed to make of the city the world's artistic and cultural center. Due to that, Rome became first one of the major centers of the Italian Renaissance, and then the birthplace of the Baroque style. Famous artists and architects of the Renaissance and Baroque period made Rome the center of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 that of the Italian Republic.